The end is nigh

A brief triptych of items this week as I’m struggling with an intermittent broadband connection on the remote west coast 1.

Great view but no signal

There are worse places to be cutoff …

Summer honey

There are no significant amounts of heather in central Fife and there’s none within range of my colonies. Work and other commitments mean it’s not practical to take my colonies to the Angus glens, so when the summer nectar flow finishes so does my beekeeping season.

The summer honey I produce is clear, runny honey. It is best described as mixed floral or blossom honey. In some years it has a significant amount of lime in it.

Lime honey has a greenish tinge and a wonderful zesty flavour. In other years it lacks the lime but is no less delicious.



Last year it was “Heinz” honey i.e. 57 varieties. I looked at the pollen content during the excellent Scottish Beekeepers Microscopy course and there was a very wide range of tree and flower pollens, most of which remained unidentified.

What was striking was the relative abundance of pollen in contrast to the ‘control’ samples of supermarket honey. Most of these had probably been subjected to significant filtration during processing.

I’ll return to pollen in honey, and more specifically pollen in local honey shortly.

Following a judicious amount of ‘on the spot’ testing (i.e. dipping my finger into broken honey comb and tasting 😉 ) some of the honey this year has the ‘lime zest’ and, with the flow over, it’s now time to collect it for extraction.

Clearing supers

Towards the end of the summer colonies should be strong. A double brood National hive with three or four supers contains a lot of bees.

To remove the supers it’s first necessary to remove the bees.

Porter bee escape

Some beekeepers use smelly pads to achieve this, some use modified leaf blowers and many use a crownboard with a Porter bee escape (a sort of one-way valve for bees).

I’ve never liked the idea of putting a non-toxic blend of natural oils and herb extracts (the description of Bee Quick) anywhere near my delicately flavoured honey. I know most is capped. However, I want to avoid any risk of tainting the final product.

A leaf blower seems pretty barbaric to me. Shaking bees off the super frames leaves a lot of disorientated bees flying around the apiary. Blasting them halfway to the other side of the field is a poor way to thank them for all their hard work over the last few weeks.

I described the Porter bee escape as a ‘sort of’ one way valve. That’s because they don’t always work dependably. Big fat drones (why were they in the supers anyway?) get stuck, they get jammed with propolis and they’re very inefficient.

Clearer boards

Clearer boards …

I use a simple clearer board with no moving parts, two large ‘entrances’ and two very small ‘exits’. These clear a stack of supers overnight.

I don’t have enough for all my hives 2 so clear a few at a time.

I stack the supers on top of my honey warming cabinet set at 34°C. This delays crystallisation 3 and significantly improves the efficiency of extraction as the honey flows much more easily.

Honey filled supers

Honey filled supers …

Before leaving the subject of clearing supers it’s worth remembering that colonies can get a bit tetchy once the flow is over. Don’t be surprised if they don’t thank you for pinching all their hard earned stores.

In addition, it is very important to avoid spilling honey from broken comb or exposing colonies – particularly weak ones – which may induce robbing.

I prefer to  add the clearers in good weather and then remove the supers in poor weather the following day, or early or late the next day. Both ensure that there are fewer bees about.

Local honey

I get a lot of requests for ‘local honey’. Many of these are to alleviate or prevent hay fever. This is based on the belief that the pollen in honey primes the immune system and prevents the adverse responses seen in hay fever.

Despite the lack of scientific evidence supporting any beneficial effect, the repeated anecdotal evidence is reassuring … and certainly helps honey sales 😉

Le client n’a jamais tort4

And, whether it helps hay fever or not, it certainly tastes good 🙂

I only produce local honey, but am regularly asked for more details.

Where do the bees forage? How far do they fly?

What is local anyway?




Certainly not the first two, even if we do all now live in the global village 5Local means ‘the neighbourhood’ or a particular area.

Area, of course, isn’t defined.

It might not even mean Fife. The honey produced from the town gardens in St Andrews or Dunfermline will be different from the honey produced from the small villages in the flat agricultural land of the Howe of Fife.

Fife and Kinross Shires Civil Parish map

And the honey produced in the spring is very different from summer honey, or in different years.

There’s a lot of interest in eating locally produced food. Just consider the millions of posts using the hashtags #eatlocal on Twitter or Instagram.

Artisan shops that sell local produce tend to sell it at a significant premium. That’s something worth remembering 😉 Customers are prepared to pay more because they know something about the provenance of the produce, or they want to be reassured it has not been transported half way across the globe.

For those who want more information about ‘local’ honey, it would be good to be able to provide it – even if they purchase it in a shop 6. For those who don’t, who aren’t interested, or who just want to spread it thickly on toast 7 then the information is superfluous and should not spoil the appearance of the jar or label.

I’ve been toying with solutions to this over the last couple of years. It provides a bee-related diversion during the long winter evenings.

Some of the commercial Manuka honey producers already have a labelling system that incorporates links to this sort of additional information. With a bit of interweb geekery, a suitable server and a functioning broadband connection it should be relatively straightforward to engineer.

Watch this space …

But for the moment this will have to wait … I have honey supers to collect and no functioning broadband 🙁



  1. They cut the road verges and sliced through the cable. By hot-spotting the phone it’s possible to get a flaky connection to the Mull transmitter … but this can only be achieved hanging out of the top bedroom window, so needs good weather!
  2. And I lost one at a talk on DIY for Beekeepers one evening last winter … if someone found it please invite me back and I’ll collect it.
  3. Not an issue with my summer honey, but a major problem with oil seed rape honey.
  4. The customer is never wrong, first ascribed to the hotelier, César Ritz.
  5. Which isn’t quite as global at the moment after our fibre connection to the rest of civilisation was cut.
  6. When I’m not around to discuss it.
  7. And who can blame them?

15 thoughts on “The end is nigh

  1. Alan Jones

    Hi David,
    I was interested by the picture of the clearing board , I also use the Rhombus device,does cutting it half clear the bees quicker than leaving it in one piece? I can see that you would have two exits.
    Thanks for the articles

    1. David Post author

      Hi Alan

      I’ve never done a side by side comparison Alan. And even if I had, we all know that some colonies clear faster than others, so I’d have to do lots of side by side comparisons 😉 Life’s too short … I’ve got honey to extract!

      The linked page to the clearer boards has the original idea. I’m not claiming it’s my own. They just work … they cost no more to make than one with a single rhombus and I presume that at some stage during the clearing process the size/availability of the exits is rate-limiting.

      I just wish I could find the one that’s gone missing 🙁


    1. David Post author

      I have … several times. That’s what I mean about anecdotal evidence and honey sales. I’ve discussed the lack of scientific evidence with many customers but they’re (fortunately) not persuaded. Or maybe they just enjoy the flavour and want an excuse to buy some more honey.


  2. Emily

    I often wonder how often those QR codes get used, particularly as you need an app to scan them. As an experiment you could print half your labels with a QR code and half with a short form url, and see which gets the most traffic.

    1. David Post author

      Hi Emily

      No one (at least no one younger than me) is ever more than 38cm away from their mobile phone … most/all have cameras and many of those automagically scan QR codes without an additional app.


    1. David Post author

      Hi Dave
      I’ve seen those on the Thorne stand at shows and thought they looked good. You’ll see that Liz (see below) has also made the same recommendation.

  3. Adrian Pert

    I have a customer that takes 12 jars a year for her hay fever and swears by it.
    On a slightly different subject, how do you successfully clean up the supers after extraction.
    My bees regularly put nectar back into them even with an empty super and reduced crown board between them.

    1. David Post author

      Hi Adrian
      As I said, the customer is always right 😉
      I do what you seem to do … I pit them back, often with a bit of space between the brood box and the wet supers. Refilling them isn’t a problem here as the weather is usually too iffy for any significant late season nectar. We almost always get nothing from the ivy for example.
      You could always store the supers wet. Many do. Just bag them up and protect them from mice. The strong honey odour in the spring is said to encourage the bees to move up into them promptly. I’ve not done this, but might have a go this season.

      1. Adrian Pert

        Thanks David, I remove the frames and store them in plastic crates, so maybe this year I’ll leave them wet.

  4. Emily

    Hi David, this shows how old I’m getting… last time I investigated QR codes (a few years ago!) you needed an app to scan them, but it seems that changes around 2017. Apologies. I’ll have to try some out with my phone then!

    1. David Post author

      Hi Emily
      Technology … it sneaks up on you when you’re not looking 😉 It seems about the only thing that hasn’t evolved on mobile phones is the ability to make voice calls … though many don’t seem to ever use that function anyway.
      Best Wishes

    1. David Post author

      Hi Liz
      Two recommendations in a couple of hours … maybe I’ll have to try one.
      Today, being short of both time and clearers I bodged one up from Correx and gaffer tape. It’ll only be on until tomorrow when the last of my supers will be taken off.
      Best Wishes

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